Diagnosis and management of canine myositis

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Category: Neurology Club
Published on: 29.10.2020

Presenter:

Gemma Walmsley
MA VetMB PhD DipECVN FHEA MRCVS
RCVS Specialist in Veterinary Neurology and EBVS® European Specialist in Veterinary Neurology

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About The Webinar

Myositis, or inflammation of skeletal muscle, may arise in dogs due to infectious, immune-mediated and pre- or para-neoplastic aetiologies. Clinical signs can be very variable reflecting the distribution of muscle involvement, pathology and acute versus chronic presentation. Many other neuromuscular conditions should be considered as differentials. Investigations for diagnosis may include haematology, biochemistry including creatine kinase activity, serological testing for infectious disease including Toxoplasma and Neospora, assays for autoantibodies, imaging of the affected muscles or staging, electrodiagnostics and muscle biopsies. The mainstay of management for inflammatory myositis is immunosuppressive doses of glucocorticoids and in some cases other immunomodulatory therapies are required. Careful monitoring and rehabilitation are also important.

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